Home Remedies for Kidney Stones
Kidney stones (renal lithiasis) are small “pebbles” of acid salt and minerals that form in the kidneys. The most common symptom is severe pain. Most stones pass on their own but medical procedures may be used to remove some kidney stones. Kidney stones have many causes and can affect any part of your urinary tract — from your kidneys to your bladder. Often, stones form when the urine becomes concentrated, allowing minerals to crystallize and stick together. Passing kidney stones can be extremely painful, the stones usually don’t cause any permanent damage. Depending on your situation, you may need nothing more than to take pain medication and drink lots of water to pass a kidney stone. In other instances, surgery may be needed. Your doctor may recommend preventive treatment to reduce your risk of recurrent kidney stones if you’re at increased risk of developing them again. A variety of minerals and chemicals are excreted in the urine and sometimes these combine to form the beginning of a stone. Over time, this can grow from an invisible speck of sand into a stone that can be an inch in diameter or larger.
There are different terms for kidney stones depending upon where they are located within the urinary tract:
- Urolith: A stone anywhere within the urinary tract
- Ureterolith: A stone within the ureter
- Calculus: A stone within the body
- Nephrolith: A stone within the kidney
Anyone can get a kidney stone, but some people are more likely to get one. Men are affected more often than women and kidney stones are more common in non-Hispanic white people than in non-Hispanic black people and Mexican Americans. Overweight and obese people are more likely to get a kidney stone than people of normal weight. In the United States, 8.8 percent of the population or one in 11 people, have had a kidney stone.
Kidney stones can form when substances in the urine—such as calcium, oxalate, and phosphorus—become highly concentrated. Certain foods may promote stone formation in people who are susceptible, but scientists do not believe that eating any specific food causes stones to form in people who are not susceptible. People who do not drink enough fluids may also be at higher risk, as their urine is more concentrated.
Causes of Kidney Stones
People who are at increased risk of kidney stones are those with
- a family history of kidney stones
- cystic kidney diseases, which are disorders that cause fluid-filled sacs to form on the kidneys
- hyperparathyroidism, a condition in which the parathyroid glands, which are four pea-sized glands located in the neck, release too much hormone, causing extra calcium in the blood
- cystinuria, a condition in which urine contains high levels of the amino acid cystine
- renal tubular acidosis, a disease that occurs when the kidneys fail to excrete acids into the urine, which causes a person’s blood to remain too acidic
- hypercalciuria, a condition that runs in families in which urine contains unusually large amounts of calcium; this is the most common condition found in those who form calcium stones
- hyperoxaluria, a condition in which urine contains unusually large amounts of oxalate
- hyperuricosuria, a disorder of uric acid metabolism
- chronic inflammation of the bowel
- a history of gastrointestinal (GI) tract surgery
- blockage of the urinary tract
- gout, a disorder that causes painful swelling of the joints
Other increased risk factors of kidney stones are people taking certain medications including
- calcium-based antacids
- diuretics—medications that help the kidneys remove fluid from the body
- the anti-seizure medication topiramate (Topamax)
- the protease inhibitor indinavir (Crixivan), a medication used to treat HIV infection
There is a genetic component as well, and stone formers run in families, especially when it comes to difficulties metabolizing chemicals like cysteine, oxalate, and uric acid.
Common Symptoms of Kidney Stones
Kidney stones are one of the most common disorders of the urinary tract. Each year in the United States, people make more than a million visits to health care providers and more than 300,000 people go to emergency rooms for kidney stone problems. When kidney stones move through the urinary tract, they may cause
- Severe pain in the side and back, belly or groin
- Pain that comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity
- Frequent or painful urination
- Blood in the urine
- Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
- Nausea and vomiting and at times dizziness, to where you may feel like your going to pass out.
Pain caused by a kidney stone may change, shifting to a different location or increasing in intensity as the stone moves through your urinary tract. Some small stones may pass without causing any symptoms.
Seek immediate medical attention if you experience:
- Pain so severe that you can’t sit still or find a comfortable position
- Pain accompanied by fever and chills
- Pain accompanied by nausea and vomiting
- Blood in your urine
- Difficulty passing urine
How to prevent Kidney Stones
Preventative measures depend on the type of stones. In those with calcium stones, drinking lots of fluids, thiazide diuretics and citrate are effective as is allopurinal in those with high uric acid levels in the blood or urine.
Current dietary recommendations to minimize the formation of kidney stones include.
- Increasing total fluid intake, with the objective of increasing urine output to more than two liters per day
- Increasing intake of citrate-rich drinks such as lemonade and orange juice
- Attempt to maintain a calcium intake of 1,000–1,200 mg (1.0–1.2 g) per day
- Limiting sodium intake to less than 2,300 mg (2.3 g) per day
- Limiting vitamin C intake to less than 1,000 mg (1.0 g) per day
- Limiting animal protein intake to no more than two meals daily, with less than 170–230 g (6.0–8.1 oz) per day. (An association between animal protein consumption and recurrence of kidney stones has been shown in men.
- Limiting consumption of soft drinks which contain phosphoric acid to flavor the soft drink, to less than one liter of soft drink per week.
Maintenance of dilute urine by means of vigorous fluid therapy is beneficial in all forms of nephrolithiasis, so increasing urine volume is a key principle for the prevention of kidney stones. Fluid intake should be sufficient to maintain a urine output of at least 2 litres (68 US fl oz) per day. A high fluid intake has been associated with a 40% reduction in recurrence risk.
The kidneys are one of the most important organs in the human body. They help detox and filter impurities from the blood, as well as waste products from your urine. Kidney stones form when the kidneys are not able to process toxins efficiently. Specifically, a crystallization of unprocessed minerals builds up. Kidney stones cause horrible pain and possible blockage of urine flow. In addition to conventional medications, a majority of cases can be treated with the help of natural ingredients as well. Many of them also will help prevent stones from developing in the future.
Moreover, make sure to drink plenty of water. If you drink eight to 10 glasses of water along with other kinds of fluids daily, the color of your urine will become clear, which is a good sign. Here are the top 10 home remedies for kidney stones. Also, be sure to consult your doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Home Remedies for Kidney Stones
Pomegranates are so delicious and healthy, and also one of the best ways to help treat kidney stones. Both the seeds and juice of pomegranates have astringent properties that can help in the treatment of kidney stones.
- Try to eat one whole pomegranate or drink one glass of freshly squeezed pomegranate juice daily. You can mix pomegranate in a fruit salad also.
- Another option is to grind one tablespoon of pomegranate seeds into a fine paste. Eat this paste along with a cup of horse gram soup once daily. This remedy will help dissolve the stones. You can find horse gram in Indian markets.
2. Dandelion Root
Organic dandelion root is a great kidney tonic and cleanser. Taking up to 500 mg twice a day may be beneficial.
3. Lemon Juice, Raw Apple Cider Vinegar and Olive Oil
This is one of the natural home remedies that is not only easily available in your home, but quite efficient when it comes to curing kidney stones naturally. Symptoms such as abdominal pain can be managed by blending olive oil with lemon juice extract. After drinking the mixture, ensure that you have drunk at least 12 ounces of water. Wait for at least 30 minutes before blending 0.5 ounces of lemon juice in 12 ounces of water. Add one tablespoon of raw apple cider vinegar before drinking. Repeat this cycle every one hour until the pain has subsided.
Studies show that people with recurrent kidney stones who have taken magnesium supplements had a 92.3 percent improvement rate in reduction of kidney stones. 300 mg of magnesium orotate is recommended daily for prevention and reduction of stones.
Who doesn’t love watermelon! It’s definitely one of my favorite fruits! Watermelon is a great and tasty way to treat kidney stones composed of calcium and magnesium phosphates and carbonates. The potassium present in watermelon is an essential ingredient for healthy kidneys. It helps regulate and maintain the acid level in urine. Along with potassium, watermelon also contains a high concentration of water, which helps in flushing out stones from the kidneys. Eating watermelon regularly can help greatly in the treatment as well as prevention of kidney stones. You can have watermelon seed tea as well.
6. Change your Diet and drink plenty of Water
Unhealthy food intake is a primary cause of kidney stones. Cut down on the amount of soda and energy drinks you consume. Avoid processed foods and alcoholic beverages. Add more fruits and veggies to your diet and drink plenty of water.
A kidney tonifier, basil tea can be taken throughout the day for overall kidney health. If you have kidney stones, try taking one teaspoon each of basil juice with raw honey daily for up to six months. Doctors and scientists have been able to prove that taking basil tea can greatly enhance the general well-being of your kidneys and it can also help induce stone expulsion from the urinary tract.
8. Nettle Leaf
The nettle leaf helps maintain the flow of water through the kidneys and bladder and also promoting smooth urination. At the same time, nettle leaf helps keep crystals from forming into stones and keeps bacteria away. Nettle tea will also enhance the benefits of water by acting as a natural diuretic.
- Add two teaspoons of dried nettle leaf to a cup of hot water.
- Let it steep for 10 minutes and then strain it.
- Drink two to three cups of nettle tea daily for several weeks.
9. Uva Ursi
On top of enabling to combat infections that are triggered with the onset of kidney stones. Uva Ursi functions in assisting in pain reduction and cleansing of the urinary tract. Uva Ursi is also a common folk remedy for kidney stones. 500mg three times a day is recommended for kidney stones.
A glass of raw celery juice can help relieve pain from kidney stones due to its anti-spasmodic properties. Celery juice helps clear out toxins that contribute to the formation of kidney stones. Raw celery juice is also a diuretic, which means it increases the volume of urine and helps flush out the stones.
- Drink a glass of celery juice daily in order to prevent more stones from forming.
- You can also use celery seed to treat kidney stones. Drinking herbal tea made with celery seeds can help treat kidney stones resulting from uric acid accumulation.
11. Kidney Beans
Being high in fiber, kidney beans can be effective in the treatment of any kind of kidney or bladder problem, including kidney stones. The shape of this bean may be indicative of its healing potential. An effective urinary home remedy for kidney stones, traditionally the pods were used as a medicinal tonic. Try removing the beans from inside the pods, and then boil the pods in purified hot water for six hours. This liquid can be strained through cheese cloth, cooled and taken throughout the day for one day to ease kidney stone pain.
Wheatgrass juice is highly effective in treating kidney stones and other kidney diseases naturally. You can also have a glass of wheatgrass juice mixed with one teaspoon each of lemon juice and juice extracted from basil leaves.
Take it two to three times a day. Wheatgrass juice is a good source of magnesium, potassium, iron, amino acids, chlorophyll, and B vitamins.
TIP: If you have a kidney stone that is stuck, sit on the floor and move as though you’re rowing a boat. This has worked for me and I always recommend it to everyone. It’s a miracle worker! Always make sure if you ever experiencing pain so bad that you feel as if your going to pass out, get to the ER as soon as possible. Especially if none of these wonderful and effective home remedies for kidney stones do not help.