The Best Back Pain Treatment

back pain treatments

The Best Back Pain Treatment

Exercise is a the top key element of almost any back pain treatment plan. Whether it’s completed at home or with a spine health professional, like our famous doc, Dr. Jason Hurst who specializes in spine health. For years he’s treated his patients with his exercise plan that targets the common causes of back pain. I can not praise this program enough, I always recommend it to all my friends and colleagues. His back pain treatment is by far the best back pain treatment today. After years of studies and great results with all his patients at all three facilities. He had to share it with the world, he was a guest on ABC and NBC for his award winning back pain treatment that caught the attention of everyone for it’s ground breaking results. Now you have the opportunity to get this amazing back pain treatment. With it’s three main components, aerobic conditioning, stretching, and strengthening. These exercises are the best to help relief the common causes of back pain. It’s a controlled, progressive program, with the goal of building towards a stronger, more flexible spine. If your dealing with back pain and have tried everything to get relief but had no luck. Trust me your in the right place, after you try Doctor’s Pain Relief Systems you won’t need anything else. It’s effective and helps relief back pain caused by the common causes of back pain, like disease or injury to the muscles, bones, and/or nerves of the spine.

Common Causes:

Nerve root syndromes are those that produce symptoms of nerve impingement (a nerve is directly irritated), often due to a herniation (or bulging) of the disc between the lower back bones.

Sciatica is an example of nerve root impingement. Impingement pain tends to be sharp, affecting a specific area, and associated with numbness in the area of the leg that the affected nerve supplies.

Herniated discs develop as the spinal discs degenerate or grow thinner. The jellylike central portion of the disc bulges out of the central cavity and pushes against a nerve root. Intervertebral discs begin to degenerate by the third decade of life. Herniated discs are found in one-third of adults older than 20 years of age. Only 3% of these, however, produce symptoms of nerve impingement.

Spinal disc degeneration coupled with disease in joints of the low back can lead to spinal-canal narrowing (spinal stenosis). These changes in the disc and the joints produce symptoms and can be seen on an X-ray. A person with spinal stenosis may have pain radiating down both lower extremities while standing for a long time or walking even short distances.

Spondylosis occurs as intervertebral discs lose moisture and volume with age, which decreases the disc height. Even minor trauma under these circumstances can cause inflammation and nerve root impingement, which can produce classic sciatica without disc rupture.

Musculoskeletal pain syndromes that produce low back pain include myofascial pain syndromes and fibromyalgia.

Fibromyalgia results in widespread pain and tenderness throughout the body. Generalized stiffness, fatigue, and muscle aches are reported.

Myofascial pain is characterized by pain and tenderness over localized areas (trigger points), loss of range of motion in the involved muscle groups, and pain radiating in a characteristic distribution but restricted to a peripheral nerve. Relief of pain is often reported when the involved muscle group is stretched.

Noninfectious inflammation of the spine (spondylitis) can cause stiffness and pain in the spine that is particularly worse in the morning. Ankylosing spondylitis typically begins in adolescents and young adults.

Cauda equina syndrome is a medical emergency whereby the spinal cord is directly compressed. Disc material expands into the spinal canal, which compresses the nerves. A person would experience pain, possible loss of sensation, and bowel or bladder dysfunction. This could include inability to control urination causing incontinence or the inability to begin urination. If you experience get medical attention asap.

Many things cause back pain, even referred pain from organs also can. It’s always important to get diagnosed to be safe. Once your sure of what has cause your back pain then you’ll know what to do to help it. For diseases or injury to the muscles, bones, and nerves of the spine, Doctor’s Pain Relief Systems will be the best program you’ll ever find! To Learn more about The Best Back Pain Treatment go to 

Doctor’s Pain Relief Systems.

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Anti Aging Secrets From Hollywood Starlets

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Anti Aging Secrets From Hollywood Starlets

OK, you’re pushing 30 . . . don’t panic! Even if you were a complete anti aging recluse in your 20s, there is still time to enter the next decade with endless grace and fewer wrinkles. And who better to steal skin care secrets from than the actresses who remain looking forever young? These Hollywood starlets may be in their 30s, but there’s nary a dark spot in sight. Their beauty favorites range from drugstore classics to cult luxury elixirs and even a DIY recipe. With this shopping list under your belt, you can celebrate your 30s without a worry line in sight.

 

Emily Blunt, 31

When you get on the other side of 30, it’s customary to up your makeup game. But Emily’s makeup artist, Jenn Streicher, will tell you skin care is still important, too. She uses Kate Somerville Hydrating Quench Serum ($65) on Emily before applying foundation for a dewy glow.]

 

Kate Bosworth, 31

Yes, the megamodel is pretty much flawless on the red carpet, and it’s hard not to swoon over her dewy skin. You can curb your jealousy by grabbing her go-to face savior, the SK-II Facial Treatment Mask ($90) — Katie Holmes and Cate Blanchett are also fans. Kate keeps her refrigerator stocked with these cloth masks to keep from looking tired after jetting across continents.

 

Jessica Biel, 32

Jessica is a known fan of the Éminence Organics skin care products, and like any porcelain-skinned actress, she swears by daily SPF. Try Éminence Tropical Vanilla Sun Cream SPF 32 ($68). The beauty lesson here: a strict sunscreen regimen equals fewer wrinkles at 40.

 

Jessica Alba, 32

Should you start using retinol now that you’re in your 30s? Jessica does! This gorgeous actress keeps her skin looking fresh by using Shani Darden Retinol Reform Serum ($95) every night. She’s also a fan of the Koh Gen Do makeup line. We can’t promise amazing skin like hers, but it’s worth a try.

 

Michelle Williams, 33

Michelle counts on star facialist Joanna Vargas to keep her complexion clear before big red carpets. But in case you aren’t in NYC to make an appointment, you can get a similar glow using Joanna Vargas Daily Serum ($85), aka immaculate skin in a bottle.

 

Kate Hudson, 34

One thing we know for sure is that we are deeply jealous of Kate’s skin. But luckily we don’t have to go that far because she’s open about her skin care favorites. The actress swears by Egyptian Magic All-Purpose Skin Cream ($37).

She also has a love of DIY recipes. So if you can’t get your hands on her product pick, try whipping up her favorite brightening mask recipe of strawberries and lemon juice.

 

Jaime King, 34

Don’t worry about asking for an in-depth microdermabrasion treatment for your 30th birthday. Instead, gift yourself a tube of Skinceuticals Micro-Exfoliating Scrub ($30). It’s one of Jaime’s antiaging favorites. We’re also stealing her daring makeup and hair manifesto — like that time she sported blue hair.

 

Kerry Washington, 37

Remember back in your 20s when you fell asleep in last night’s eyeliner? Two words: crow’s feet! Take a page from Kerry’s skin care guidebook and remove your makeup before bed. She uses Neutrogena Makeup Removal Wipes ($6) every night. Being that she’s a busy mom-to-be and award-winning actress, you have no excuse!

 

Drew Barrymore, 39

Even pregnant with her second child, Drew shows no signs of losing her flawless complexion. She credits her glow and pimple-free skin to Dickinson’s Witch Hazel Oil-Controlling Towelettes ($7), which you can buy at any drugstore along with her affordable makeup line, Flower. Drew also doesn’t leave home without her Aquaphor Healing Ointment ($7) to moisturize dry lips and hands.

 

Amy Adams, 39

This award season, Amy swept the red carpets by storm. And based on her radiance, you would never guess that this talented redhead is pushing 40. Amy relies on a few prestige beauty products including Tatcha Camellia Cleansing Oil ($48) and La Mer Cream ($155) to mask her age. Forty who?

Source: MSN

14 Home Remedies To Make You Look Younger!

 

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14 Home Remedies To MakeYou Look Younger! 

How old are you really? See how your daily habits affect your true age—and how to knock off years, starting today. The answer is more complicated than counting the number of candles you blew out on your last birthday cake. Your daily habits can either add or subtract years from your life—like how much you exercise, or how stressed you allow yourself to be. Read on for 14 things you can start doing today to live a longer, healthier life.

 

Lose Weight

Being obese increases the risk of diabetes, cancer and heart disease, possibly shaving up to 12 years off your life, per an analysis in the journal Obesity. But being too thin can hike your risk of osteoporosis and poor immune function. So aim to stay at a weight that’s healthy for you.

 

Cap your drinks

Regularly exceeding one drink a day or three in one sitting can damage organs, weaken the immune system and increase the risk of some cancers.

 

Ease your stress

Chronic stress makes us feel old—and actually ages us: In a 2012 study, Austrian researchers found that work-related tension harms DNA in our cells, speeding up the shortening of telomeres—which protect the ends of our chromosomes and which may indicate our life expectancy. Of course, it’s impossible to completely obliterate stress. “What’s important is how you manage it,” says Thomas Perls, MD, associate professor at Boston University school of Medicine and creator of the Living to 100 Life Expectancy Calculator. Practice yoga, pray, meditate, relax in the shower or do whatever else chills you out.

 

Keep learning

Having more education lengthens your life span, according to a study in the journal Health Affairs, for a number of reasons. Extra schooling may help you become better informed about how to live a healthy life. And educated folks, as a group, have a higher income, which means greater access to good health care and insurance.

 

Connect

More and more research points to the value of having friends, and not just on Facebook. An Oxford University study found that being married makes you less likely to die of heart disease, which researchers suggest may be due to partners encouraging the other to seek early medical treatment. Same goes for friendships: Australian research showed that people with the most buddies lived 22 percent longer than those with the smallest circle. “Having positive, meaningful, intimate relationships is critical to most people’s well-being,” says Linda Fried, MD, dean of Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health.

 

Extend a hand

Volunteering is linked to a lower risk of death, a University of Michigan study suggests. But you don’t have to log hours at a soup kitchen: Simply helping friends and family—say, by tutoring your niece or assisting your neighbor with her groceries—lowers blood pressure, according to researchers at the University of Tennessee and Johns Hopkins University.

 

Work out often

Exercising regularly—ideally at least three days of cardio and two days of strength training a week—may help slow the aging process, Canadian doctors reported. “Being physically active is like keeping the car engine tuned,” Dr. Fried says. “Even if there’s decline with age, it’s less severe.” You were never an athlete? Don’t worry: Starting to work out now can reduce your likelihood of becoming ill going forward, a 2014 study suggests.

 

Reconsider your protein

A diet rich in processed meat—including hot dogs, sausage, cured bacon and cured deli meats—has been linked to a higher risk of heart disease, diabetes and colon cancer. Limit your intake as much as possible.

 

Give up smoking

Lighting up increases your risk of not only lung cancer but also heart disease and cancer of almost every other organ. “Just one cigarette a day can take 15 years off your life,” Dr. Perls says. Though you won’t instantly revert to pre-smoking health, kicking butts will cut your added cardiovascular risk in half after a year and to that of a nonsmoker after 15.

 

Enjoy your joe

Good news for java lovers: Research indicates that drinking coffee regularly may protect against diabetes, cirrhosis and liver cancer. And Harvard research suggests that drinking 3 1/2 cups a day may lower risk of heart disease. Read more about the health benefits of coffee.

 

Sleep better

For evidence that you can—and should—make slumber a priority, look no further than a 2013 study from the University of Surrey in England, which compared a group who got less than six hours of sleep a night with a group who got 8 1/2 hours. After just one week, snoozing less had altered the expression of 711 genes, including ones involved in metabolism, inflammation and immunity, which may raise the risk of conditions from heart disease to obesity.

 

Have More Sex

The feel-good rush you get from it helps you fight stress and depression, jolt the immune system and lower blood pressure.

 

Go Mediterranean

In a 2013 Annals of Internal Medicine study, women who followed a Mediterranean-style diet were 40 percent more likely to live past 70 without major chronic illness than those with less healthy diets. Eat lots of veggies, fruit, fish and whole grains, and avoid simple carbs, such as pasta and sugar (“age accelerators,” Dr. Perls calls them). Try these Mediterranean diet recipes.

 

Know your history

Have one or more relatives who lived into their 90s? You may be genetically blessed. But that doesn’t mean you should quit the gym and live on doughnuts. “Before you get to extreme ages, healthy lifestyle is more critical than genes,” Dr. Perls says. So thank your ancestors, but stick to vegetables and cardio as life insurance.

Source MSN

Great Home Remedies to Boost Energy

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Great Home Remedies to Boost Energy

Feeling sluggish? Ditching these energy-sapping behaviors will help. Lack of sleep isn’t the only thing sapping your energy. Little things you do (and don’t do) can exhaust you both mentally and physically, which can make getting through your day a chore. Here, experts reveal common bad habits that can make you feel tired, plus simple lifestyle tweaks that will put the pep back in your step.

 

Skip exercise when you’re tired

Skipping your workout to save energy actually works against you. In a University of Georgia study, sedentary but otherwise healthy adults who began exercising lightly three days a week for as little as 20 minutes at a time reported feeling less fatigued and more energized after six weeks. Regular exercise boosts strength and endurance, helps make your cardiovascular system run more efficiently, and delivers oxygen and nutrients to your tissues. So next time you’re tempted to crash on the couch, at least go for a brisk walk—you won’t regret it.

 

You don’t drink enough water

Being even slightly dehydrated—as little as 2% of normal fluid loss—takes a toll on energy levels, says Amy Goodson, RD, a dietitian for Texas Health Ben Hogan Sports Medicine. Dehydration causes a reduction in blood volume, explains Goodson, which makes the blood thicker. This requires your heart to pump less efficiently, reducing the speed at which oxygen and nutrients reach your muscles and organs. To calculate your normal fluid needs, take your weight in pounds, divide in half and drink that number of ounces of fluid a day, Goodson recommends.

 

You’re not consuming enough iron

An iron deficiency can leave you feeling sluggish, irritable, weak, and unable to focus. “It makes you tired because less oxygen travels to the muscles and cells,” says Goodson. Boost your iron intake to reduce your risk of anemia: load up on lean beef, kidney beans, tofu, eggs (including the yolk), dark green leafy vegetables, nuts, and peanut butter, and pair them with foods high in vitamin C (vitamin C improves iron absorption when eaten together), suggests Goodson. Note: an iron deficiency may be due to an underlying health problem, so if you’re experiencing symptoms, you should visit your doc.

 

You’re a perfectionist

Striving to be perfect—which, let’s face it, is impossible—makes you work much harder and longer than necessary, says Irene S. Levine, PhD, professor of psychiatry at the New York University School of Medicine. “You set goals that are so unrealistic that they are difficult or impossible to achieve, and in the end, there is no sense of self-satisfaction.” Levine recommends setting a time limit for yourself on your projects, and taking care to obey it. In time, you’ll realize that the extra time you were taking wasn’t actually improving your work.

 

You make mountains out of molehills

If you assume that you’re about to get fired when your boss calls you into an unexpected meeting, or you’re too afraid to ride your bike because you worry you’ll get into an accident, then you’re guilty of “catastrophizing,” or expecting that the worst-case scenario will always occur. This anxiety can paralyze you and make you mentally exhausted, says Levine. When you catch yourself having these thoughts, take a deep breath and ask yourself how likely it is that the worst really will happen. Getting outdoors, meditating, exercising, or sharing your concerns with a friend may help you better cope and become more realistic.

 

You skip breakfast

The food you eat fuels your body, and when you sleep, your body continues using what you consumed at dinner the night before to keep your blood pumping and oxygen flowing. So, when you wake up in the morning, you need to refuel with breakfast. Skip it, and you’ll feel sluggish. “Eating breakfast is like starting a fire in your body by kickstarting your metabolism, Goodson says. Goodson recommends a breakfast that includes whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fat. Good examples include oatmeal with protein powder and a dab of peanut butter; a smoothie made with fruit, protein powder, low-fat milk, and almond butter; or eggs with two slices of whole-wheat toast and low-fat Greek yogurt.

 

You live on junk food

Foods loaded with sugar and simple carbs (like the ones you’ll find in a box or at the drive-thru window) rank high on the glycemic index (GI), an indicator of how rapidly carbohydrates increase blood sugar. Constant blood sugar spikes followed by sharp drops cause fatigue over the course of the day, says Goodson. Keep blood sugar steady by having a lean protein along with a whole grain at every meal, says Goodson. Good choices include chicken (baked, not fried) and brown rice, salmon and sweet potato, or salad with chicken and fruit.

 

You have trouble saying no

People-pleasing often comes at the expense of your own energy and happiness. To make matters worse, it can make you resentful and angry over time. So whether it’s your kid’s coach asking you to bake cookies for her soccer team or your boss seeing if you can work on a Saturday, you don’t have to say yes. Train yourself to say ‘no’ out loud, suggests Susan Albers, a licensed clinical psychologist with Cleveland Clinic and author of Eat.Q.: Unlock the Weight-Loss Power of Emotional Intelligence. “Try it alone in your car,” she says. “Hearing yourself say the word aloud makes it easier to say it when the next opportunity calls for it.”

 

You have a messy office

A cluttered desk mentally exhausts you by restricting your ability to focus and limits your brain’s ability to process information, according to a Princeton University study. “At the end of each day, make sure your work and personal items are organized and put away,” suggests Lombardo. “It will help you have a positive start to your day the next morning.” If your office needs major reorganizing, avoid becoming totally overwhelmed by taking it one step at a time: start by tidying what you can see, then move through your desk and cabinets drawer by drawer.

 

You work through vacation

Checking your email when you should be relaxing by the pool puts you at risk of burnout, says Lombardo. Unplugging and allowing yourself to truly unwind allows your mind and body to rejuvenate and return to the office stronger. “When you truly take breaks, you will be more creative, productive, and effective when you return,” says Lombardo.

 

You have a glass of wine (or two) before bed

A nightcap sounds like a good way to unwind before falling asleep, but it can easily backfire. Alcohol initially depresses the central nervous system, producing a sedative effect, says Allen Towfigh, MD, medical director of New York Neurology & Sleep Medicine, P.C., in New York City. “But it ultimately sabotages sleep maintenance.” Alcohol creates a rebound effect as it’s metabolized, which creates an abrupt surge in the adrenaline system, he says. This is why you’re more likely to wake up in the middle of the night after you’ve been drinking. Dr. Towfigh recommends stopping all alcohol three to four hours before bedtime.

 

You check email at bedtime

The glaring light of a tablet, smartphone, or your computer’s backlit screen can throw off your body’s natural circadian rhythm by suppressing melatonin, a hormone that helps regulate sleep and wake cycles, says Dr. Towfigh. Sensitivity to the digital glow of tech toys can vary from person to person, but in general it’s a good idea to avoid all technology for one to two hours before bedtime, he says. Can’t avoid checking your device before your head hits the pillow? Then hold it at least 14 inches away from your face to reduce the risk of sleep interference.

 

You rely on caffeine to get through the day

Starting your morning with a java jolt is no big deal—in fact, studies show that up to three daily cups of coffee is good for you—but using caffeine improperly can seriously disrupt your sleep-wake cycle, says Dr. Towfigh. Caffeine blocks adenosine, the byproduct of active cells that drives you to sleep as it accumulates, he explains. A study published in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine revealed that consuming caffeine even six hours prior to bedtime affects sleep, so cut yourself off by mid-afternoon.

 

You stay up late on weekends

Burning the midnight oil on Saturday night and then sleeping in Sunday morning leads to difficulty falling asleep Sunday night—and a sleep-deprived Monday morning, says Dr. Towfigh. Since staying in can cramp your social life, try to wake up close to your normal time the following morning, and then take a power nap in the afternoon. “Napping for 20 minutes or so allows the body to recharge without entering the deeper stages of sleep, which can cause you to wake up more tired,” he says.

Source: MSN

13 Fad Diets To Ignore

fad-diet

13 Fad Diets To Ignore

Dubious diets

From the impractical to the downright dangerous, these diets aren’t your best choice for losing weight.

Every day it seems a new diet is ready to make weight loss faster and easier than ever before. Or at least they say they are. “Most fad diets go something like this: Take a few foods, give them ‘magic’ power, and set a plan to convince people that eating this way and only this way will promote weight loss,” says Alexandra Caspero, RD, a nutritionist based in Sacramento, Calif. The following diets might spur short-term weight loss, but many are difficult to follow, have arbitrary rules, and a few could put your health in danger.

 

The raw food diet

Any weight-loss expert would agree that boosting your veggie and fruit intake while reducing the amount of junk you eat is a safe and effective way to lose weight, but this diet bans foods that have been cooked or processed in any way. Why? Raw foodies say cooking destroys nutrients. Though it’s true that cooking produce can sometimes reduce nutrient levels, cooked veggies still pack plenty of fiber, vitamins, and minerals, and in some instances cooking actually enhances nutrients while also killing bacteria. The biggest issue with this extreme form of veganism? Food prep—it’s totally impractical, says Christopher N. Ochner, PhD, director of research development and administration at the Mount Sinai Adolescent Health Center. Raw foodies spend hours upon hours juicing, blending, dehydrating, sprouting, germinating, cutting, chopping, and rehydrating.

 

The blood-type diet

Developed by naturopathic physician Peter D’Adamo, the Blood Type Diet is based on the notion that the foods you eat react chemically with your blood type. For example, on the diet, those with type O blood are to eat lean meats, vegetables, and fruits, and avoid wheat and dairy. Meanwhile, type A dieters go vegetarian, and those with type B blood are supposed to avoid chicken, corn, wheat, tomatoes, peanuts, and sesame seeds. However, there’s no scientific proof that your blood type affects weight loss. And depending on your blood type, the diet can be extremely restrictive.

 

The werewolf diet

Also called the lunar diet, this one is simply fasting according to the lunar calendar. Its quick-fix version involves a day of fasting allowing only water and juice during a full or new moon—and supposedly losing up to six pounds in water weight in a single day. The extended version starts with that daylong fast and continues with specific eating plans for each phase of the moon. While you’ll lose some weight from not eating, it has nothing to do with the moon, and it will come right back, Ochner says.

 

Cookie diets

Dr. Siegal’s Cookie Diet, The Hollywood Cookie Diet, and the Smart for Life Cookie Diet all promise that eating cookies will help you drop pounds. Of course, you don’t get to chow down chocolate-chip cookies—you eat about 500 to 600 calories a day from high-protein and high-fiber weight-loss cookies (one cookie company even makes the cookies from egg and milk protein) for breakfast, lunch, and any snacks. Then you eat a normal dinner, for a total of 1,000 to 1,200 calories a day. If you stick to the diet, you will likely lose some weight, but by depriving yourself all day, you set yourself up for bingeing come dinnertime, Ochner says.

 

The five-bite diet

Eat whatever you want—but only five bites of it. On this diet, developed by obesity doctor Alwin Lewis, MD, you skip breakfast and eat only five bites of food for lunch and five more for dinner. “I’m OK with the idea of eating whatever you want in smaller portions, but you need to round out the rest of your eating with nutrient-dense foods to give your body the fuel it needs,” Caspero says. “On this diet, even if you take giant bites of heavily caloric food, you’re still barely consuming 900 to 1,000 calories a day.”

 

The Master Cleanse/lemonade diet

This diet has been around for decades, and there are a ton of variations. Pretty much all involve subsisting for days on only lemon juice, maple syrup, and cayenne pepper mixed in water. “You are essentially just drinking diuretics,” Ochner says. “You’ll shed mostly water weight.” Once you start eating solid foods again, you will gain all the weight back. Common side effects include fatigue, nausea, dizziness, and dehydration. Plus, on an extremely low-calorie diet like this one, you are going to lose muscle, exactly the kind of weight you don’t want to lose, Caspero says.

 

The baby food diet

If a baby can grow up eating the mushy stuff, eating some definitely won’t hurt you, but guess what: You aren’t a baby. Dieters replace breakfast and lunch with about 14 jars of baby food (most baby food jars contain 20 and 100 calories apiece), and then they eat a low-calorie dinner. It’s easy to get too few calories for your body to run its best, Ochner says. Besides, who really wants to take jars of baby food to work each day?

 

The cabbage soup diet

The grandmother of all fad diets, the bulk of this plan is fat-free cabbage soup, eaten two to three times a day for a week along with other low-calorie foods such as bananas and skim milk. In the short term, it does yield weight loss. “It works because you are eating a low-calorie diet full of fiber and water to help aid in fullness,” Caspero says. “But it’s just a quick fix diet. It can also promote bloating and gas from all the cabbage, and is lacking in protein, which is needed to preserve lean body mass. While I am a fan of nutrient-dense, low calorie foods for weight loss, it should be balanced with other foods such as fruits, carbohydrates, healthy fats, and lean protein.”

 

The grapefruit diet

We are all for including produce at every meal, but the various versions of this 80-year-old fad diet instruct dieters to focus all of their meals on grapefruit or grapefruit juice, claiming that the fruit contains fat-busting enzymes that will help dieters lose 10-plus pounds in 12 days. “In reality, any time you are following a very-low calorie diet you will lose weight,” Caspero says. And this diet definitely hits that, limiting dieters to 800 to 1,000 calories a day. Some iterations also prohibit eating extremely hot or extremely cold foods, preparing foods in aluminum pans, and requires dieters to space “protein meals” and “starch meals” at least four hours apart.

 

The Sleeping Beauty diet

If you’re asleep, you’re not eating. Rumored to have been followed by Elvis Presley, this diet takes that simple fact to the extreme, encouraging people to use sedatives to stay asleep for days on end. But sleeping the days away not only starves the body and causes muscle deterioration from a lack of movement, but actually risks death: “Every time you go under, there’s a risk,” Ochner says. “Sure, you might wake up 2 pounds lighter, but you might not wake up at all.”

 

The HCG diet

This edge-of-starvation diet limits you to about 500 calories a day while taking human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), a hormone that proponents tout as a powerful appetite suppressant. However, there’s no evidence that HCG does more than act as a placebo, Ochner says. Yes, you’ll lose weight, but only due to the extreme calorie restriction. Though a health care provider may legally give you HCG injections, they’re typically used to treat fertility issues in women and the FDA has not approved them for weight loss. As for over-the-counter homeopathic products that supposedly contain HCG? Those are illegal.

The tapeworm diet

“You don’t need a doctor to tell you that ingesting a tapeworm is a bad idea,” Ochner says. But apparently, some people do. This weight-loss tactic has been around for decades, preying on especially desperate dieters. Here’s how it goes: Ingest tapeworm eggs, let the tapeworm eat the food you consume once it gets to your intestines, and then, when you lose enough weight, get a doctor to prescribe you an anti-worm medication. But some tapeworm eggs can migrate to various parts of your body or cause other potentially life-threatening problems. Freaked out yet? Good.

The cotton ball diet

Consuming cotton balls soaked in orange juice—a diet technique may have been born on YouTube, in chat rooms, and on Facebook—is an incredibly dangerous way to suppress your appetite. “This makes my eating-disorder therapy head spin,” Caspero says. Not only does consuming cotton balls in place of food deprive the body of nutrients, eating anything that isn’t actually food can cause blockages in your intestines. What’s more, most cotton balls aren’t even made of cotton—they’re composed of bleached, synthetic fibers.

Source: MSN-Health

Do You Get Constipated?

CLICK ON THE IMAGE ABOVE TO LEARN MORE

 

What in the world does Constipation have to do with Back Pain?

Well, chronic constipation can cause all sorts of health complications, from hemorrhoids to fecal impaction to dull skin. Many people also experience related symptoms such as headaches and back pain, which accompany the constipation.

None of this is pleasant, but from the standpoint of detoxification, constipation is one of the largest barriers to the efficient elimination of accumulated toxins. If stool sits inside the colon too long without being eliminated, the toxins contained within may be circulated back into the blood. Furthermore, stools that are held up from being eliminated may generate even more toxins. The bacteria implicated in constipation emit their own wastes, which must be eliminated. With chronic constipation, good bacteria may die off as harmful bacteria flourishes and their toxins may damage the colon, causing further stagnancy.*

Constipation is not only uncomfortable, but also has long term damaging effects on the colon. One of the processes that happens in the colon is the extraction of water. The colon is constantly extracting water from it’s contents transforming the liquid wastes to solid. As a result, if elimination is not regular and complete, too much water is extracted causing the wastes to become too dry and then cemented to the walls of the colon.


 

Squatting toilet posture helps relieve and prevent constipation in four ways:

1. In the squatting position, gravity does most of the work. The weight of the torso presses against the thighs and naturally compresses the colon. Gentle pressure from the diaphragm supplements the force of gravity.

2. Squatting relaxes the puborectalis muscle, allowing the anorectal angle to straighten and the bowel to empty completely.

3. Squatting lifts the sigmoid colon to unlock the “kink” at the entrance to the rectum. This kink also helps prevent incontinence, by taking some of the pressure off the puborectalis muscle.

4. The colon is equipped with an inlet valve (the ileocecal valve) and an outlet valve (the puborectalis muscle). Squatting simultaneously closes the inlet valve, to keep the small intestine clean, and opens the outlet valve, to allow wastes to pass freely. The sitting position defeats the purpose of both valves, making elimination difficult and incomplete, and soiling the small intestine.

 

Let’s review the mechanics of going to the bathroom…

People can control when they defecate, to some extent, by contracting or releasing the anal sphincter. But that muscle can’t maintain continence on its own. The body also relies on a bend in the rectum (where feces is stored), and the anus (where feces comes out). When we’re standing or sitting the bend, called the anorectal angle, is kinked which puts upward pressure on the rectum and keeps the feces inside. The sitting posture actually keeps us in ‘continence mode’. This makes elimination difficult and incomplete, creating the need to STRAIN.

Optimal elimination is achieved in the natural squat position when the puborectalis muscle relaxes, allowing the anorectal angle to straighten, resulting in easier defecation.

There is a product that you can get for your home that is specifically designed to give you the correct posture when squatting.  If you’re tired of straining when you go, then this is a must have.  My patients absolutely love it.  I’ve actually gotten more information than I needed about how it’s helped them get “Regular” again.

 

 

CLICK ON THE IMAGE ABOVE TO LEARN MORE

 

 

 

 

 

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3 Miracle Foods that Burn Fat

Are there really foods that burn fat? It may sound too good to be true, but scientific studies have found that people who consume certain foods end up losing more weight than those who don’t eat the foods – even when all other factors are the same!

Let’s take a look at three of the most popular foods that burn fat, according to science:

Beans

Beans are a preferred protein source for dieters everywhere. They contain a healthy mix of protein and carbohydrates. Beans are challenging to digest, so it takes your body longer to process them. This is a good thing, because it keeps your blood sugar stable and helps you stay full longer.

But the real magic of beans lies in their fiber content. Fiber is like a workout for your digestive system. It keeps things running smoothly, and prevents your blood glucose from spiking too high. Plain beans are the best choice. Sugary baked beans or fatty refried beans can sabotage your weight loss efforts by supplying too many calories and simple carbs.

Skim Milk

Of all the foods that burn fat, calcium is perhaps the most popular proven metabolism booster. In fact, studies have proven that calcium causes weight loss. Two groups of test subjects were studied. The groups did everything the same, except that one group received several servings of calcium each day. Surprisingly, that group lost almost three times as much weight as the group who did not receive extra calcium.

You can get calcium from vegetables like broccoli, but dairy products remain the most popular choice. Choose products made from 2%, 1%, or fat-free milk. They deliver the greatest amount of calcium in the lowest amount of calories.

Green Tea

Green tea has been touted as a dieter’s miracle product for years. It contains powerful antioxidants that reduce the number of potentially cancerous free radicals in the body. Its modest caffeine content is enough to perk up your heart rate and metabolism without putting undue stress on your body. It is also a mild diuretic, which can be helpful for getting rid of retained fluid.

Green tea has also been studied as a fat-burner, and the results have been encouraging. People who drink 4 – 6 cups of green tea per day enjoy faster weight loss than those who don’t drink green tea.

Bonus: Water

Okay, it doesn’t contain nutrition, but water would still rank highly on any list of foods that burn fat. It dilutes sodium to beat bloating, pushes retained fluid from our bodies, promotes healing, and satisfies the appetite. But did you know that water can also keep your metabolism running at maximum efficiency?

It’s true: Our kidneys are our primary filtration system. They help pass toxins and waste fluids out of our bodies. But they need plenty of hydration to keep functioning well. When they are deprived of water, the kidneys call on the liver for back-up.

While the liver can serve as a secondary filtration system, that is not its best use. It is designed for, and excels at, turning stored fat into usable energy. But when it has to support the kidneys, the liver cannot metabolize fat as quickly as it used to. You can bring your metabolism back up to speed by drinking plenty of water each day.

For a quick and productive diet overhaul, start eating foods that burn fat. Add 64 ounces of pure drinking water each day, and you will be on your way to successful and permanent weight loss.

 

If these tips are helpful, then you’ve got to download this FREE REPORT…

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How To Make Your Own Ice Pack Or Heat Pack At Home

 

 Making Your Own Ice And Heat Packs At Home

 

 

Have you ever needed an ice pack at home and realized all you had was a frozen bag of peas or corn? Well, I’m gonna explain how you can make your own ice pack with only a couple of items that you probably already have at home.

Benefits of using an ice pack

  • Reduces Inflammation by decreasing tissue temperature
  • Temporarily blocks the pain by numbing the area involved
  • Decreases muscle spasms

What you need…

  1. Freezer bags – 1 quart and 1 gallon sizes are best
  2. Rubbing Alcohol
  3. Water
  4. Food Coloring

If using the quart size freezer bag…

  • Fill the bag with 2 cups of water and 1 cup of rubbing alcohol.
  • If you want the gel to be thicker, increase the water amount and decrease the alcohol amount.
  • If you want the gel to be less thick, then increase the alcohol amount and decrease the water amount.
  • Do not fill the bag to the top because the water will expand when it freezes.
  • Make sure to squeeze as much air out of the bag as possible before sealing it shut.
  • Double bag it to reduce the chance of leaking.
  • Never put the frozen bag directly on your skin… Use a thin towel or cloth between your skin and the bag.
  • Add a couple of drops of food coloring to help identify the ice pack in your freezer.

If using the gallon size freezer bag…

There are 4 quarts to a gallon but I would start by only doubling the amounts from the quart bag first.
If you fill the bag too much then you run the risk of the bag popping open when it freezes.

Play around with the measurements until you get the consistency you are looking for.

 

 

Next up is the Heat Pack

 

 

Let’s face it… most people hate using ice packs. Although they definitely help to decrease pain and inflammation, some people can’t tolerate the way it feels. So let’s discuss the option of using heat instead.

Benefits of using a heat pack

  • Heat Packs increase circulation and they feel good which helps block the pain.

What you need…

  • A cloth that can hold the filling… such as a tube sock
  • The filling material… rice is the most convenient. But you can use oatmeal, or flax seed as well.
  • Needle and thread to make a permanent heat pack… otherwise just tie the end of the filled sock.
  • Aromatherapy oils can be added to help with relaxing or giving you energy.

Lavender – To help you sleep
Ginger – For energy
Eucalyptus – To relieve stress

How to Make the Heat Pack

  • Fill the tube sock with the rice or other filling.
  • Add the oils… just use a few drops to start, if you have some.
  • Tie the sock closed at the end, or use the needle and thread to seal it permanently.
  • Warm it in the microwave for 2 to 3 minutes.
  • Reheat as needed 
  • You can re-use these heat packs over and over again

If ice and heat just aren’t getting the job done anymore, then make sure to check out the Doctor’s Pain Relief Systems website.  It’s time for you take the next step to getting rid of your pain. www.DoctorsPainReliefSystems.com

Thank You,

Dr Jason Hurst, DC, CCSP, CSCS

5 Great Tips For A Healthy Heart

Great Tips For A Healthy HeartI don’t have to preach to you on how important your heart is. We all know the value of the heart and the fact that we can’t live without it. The heart is an amazing creation, perfectly designed to give us all life. The heart pumps blood to the entire body and pumps between 4.7-5.7 liters of blood per minute. If we are lucky to live to old age, our heart will have beat millions of time. Without the heart, life is not possible. Just like our need of air, we need the heart in order to live.

Since the heart is so important, all of us should have a need to protect the heart from harm. The heart is vulnerable to disease just like the rest of our organs. These events can happen naturally or we can actually create them. In this article, we’re going to explore the best 5 tips for a healthy heart. Let’s get started!

Exercise

Exercise has so many great benefits, we had to list it as our top heart healthy tip. Not only is exercise good for the heart, specific types of exercises are good for different parts of our heart. Let’s take dance for an example. Although dance isn’t technically exercise, it really is. Dancing will increase your heart rate and it can help you burn calories. Both are great for you. What about Yoga? Technically again, you may feel Yoga is or not exercise. Either way, Yoga is great for the heart because it reduces stress. Yoga is also good for your heart rate variability or known as (HRV). Running is a great workout for the heart. It increase blood pressure and your heart rate, not to mention all the other benefits to your body. If you want a healthy heart, exercise is crucial. Exercise benefits the heart and the entire body, make it a part of your normal routine.

Watching Your Levels

How long has it been since you have your last checkup with your doctor? If it’s been a year or more, you may want to schedule that checkup. Look, the heart isn’t to play with, you should be focused on knowing your blood pressure, blood sugars, cholesterol and triglycerides. If you haven’t been monitoring all of them, you need to start. Medical technology has come a long way and all of these can be controlled. You can live a healthy life and help your heart be healthy. I know a lot of my patients wait weeks and even months to see a doctor. If you’re having chest pains, especially prolong chest pains, get to the doctor. The longer left untreated, you can cause your heart to damage or worse. You know how important your heart is, treat it that way and keep up with watching your levels.

Eat Plenty Of Nuts

Are you nuts? Eating nuts of course. Nuts actually have several great benefits to the body and many of them are associated to the heart. Studies and test have proven that nuts can lower the risk for cardiovascular disease and coronary heart disease. Nuts can also help you lower your bad cholesterol. Some feel that nuts can also lower the risk for cancer. Walnuts, pecans, almonds and cashews are all great for you. Almonds are great for those who have bad blood sugar and it drops LDL cholesterol, which is bad cholesterol. Cashews are great for thinking and your brain. Their also rich in iron and zinc, both needed in your body. Pecans are great for heart health. It’s possible that they prevent plaque. Macadamia nuts are lower bad cholesterol and blood pressure. If nuts are not part of your normal diet, be sure to make get them in your diet.

Cut The Fats

You probably already know that fats are bad for you. If you’re not keeping an eye on your fat intake, it’s time to start doing so. Saturated fats is one of the worse fats you can intake. For years, it was believed that cutting saturated fats was all that you needed. When we think of saturated fats, we’re thinking of butter, red meats and cheese. Saturated fats cause our arteries to clog and causes heart attacks. With medical advancements, we know that cholesterol plays a big role in this also. There’s good cholesterol and bad cholesterol. The big issue is the fact that bad cholesterol greatly outweighs good cholesterol. Here’s a great study on fats that you should read. They ran several different studies and the results are trust worthy.

Reducing Stress

As medical testing and technology has grew, we now see how dangerous stress is to the heart. Even so, at this day and age, many people don’t realize the power of living a stress free life. Is it even possible to live stress free? I truly doubt it but it’s not impossible. Just having the ability to reduce your stress by a few percent can help you live a longer life and keep your heart healthy. We all have problems, granted some more then others. Everyone has different ways to release stress, some good healthy manners and others not so much. You have to find healthy ways to reduce your stress. It could be a walk, running, driving the long way home or playing basketball. Personally, I prefer Yoga. Here’s a great Yoga video to help you get started.

More Heart Healthy Tips

Breakfast is the most important meal of the day and you should be concentrating on a heart healthy breakfast. Whole grains and fruits are a great heart healthy breakfast. Hard boiled eggs and egg whites are also good for you. Start learning what foods are good for you and mix it up throughout the day. Your body and heart will thank you for it.

Be sure to make time for fitness and stretching. Even if you’re not a fitness guru, you should allow a few minutes each day for fitness. I know you can set aside 10-20 minutes a day. I know your life is busy and then you have all the stress that goes along with it. High stress is unhealthy for your heart, you just learned that. Exercise is good for the heart, you read that too. Take the time to add a little fitness to your life.

You can’t go wrong with tea. Tea has several great benefits that help varies areas of the body, including the heart. Studies have shown that tea can improve arterial health. Tea can also be used for weight loss. Specific types of tea can provide you with many benefits, take the time to learn which teas do what. Here’s a great article on the benefits of tea with weight loss.

Speaking of weight loss, your weight can have affects on your heart. Obesity can lead to heart disease and a number of other medical conditions bad for your body. Most of these heart healthy tips can also help you lose weight. Again, exercise alone isn’t enough. Weight loss occurs with a healthy balance of exercise and eating right. Start counting your calories, learn which foods are heart healthy and which foods you need to stay away from. Begin making it a part of your normal routine and it will come naturally to you.

Back Muscles

Back Muscles

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Muscles are cordlike structures, they can stretch and have the ability to contract, or shorten. This is, in fact, what happens when you lift a cup of coffee, throw a ball, or do anything that requires movement of the body. The muscles shorten and lengthen, pulling the bones in different directions to coordinate our movements. When you lift, lower, push, pull, carry, or perform any activity, the muscles are doing the work. Muscles also work to keep the body from moving when movement is not desired. For example, if you are sitting in a canoe and the canoe starts to tip to the left, your muscles quickly respond by coordinating your body’s movement to the right to maintain your balance.

Muscles are true workhorses and can be your back’s best friend. When conditioned, your muscles maintain their strength, endurance, and flexibility, which allows the body to move and work with less risk of injury and pain. When working properly, the muscles can greatly reduce the load on the bones, facet joints, disks, and ligaments. In contrast, when the muscles become deconditioned from lack of use or from injury, they tend to lose their size, strength, endurance, and flexibility and can also be painful! Back muscles, like any other muscle in the body, require adequate exercise to maintain strength and tone.

While muscles like the gluteals (in the thighs) are used any time we walk or climb a step, deep back muscles and abdominal muscles are usually left inactive and unconditioned. Unless muscles are specifically exercised, back muscles and abdominal muscles tend to weaken with age.

The three types of back muscles that help the spine function are extensors, flexors and obliques.

To treat back pain in the lower spine and lower back, always focus on strengthening the flexor, extensor and oblique muscles to help reinforce support of the spine and in turn, reducing low back pain and sometimes even eliminating the pain.

Extensor, Flexor and Oblique Muscles

  • The extensor muscles are attached to the posterior (back) of the spine and enable standing and lifting objects. These muscles include the large paired muscles in the lower back (erector spinae), which help hold up the spine, and gluteal muscles.back muscles
  • The flexor muscles are attached to the anterior (front) of the spine (which includes the abdominal muscles) and enable flexing, bending forward, lifting, and arching the lower back.
  • The oblique muscles are attached to the sides of the spine and help rotate the spine and maintain proper posture.

There is a large and complex group of muscles that work together to support the spine, help hold the body upright and allow the trunk of the body to move, twist and bend in many directions. Back muscles are divided into two specific groups: the extrinsic muscles that are associated with upper extremity and shoulder movement, and the intrinsic muscles that deal with movements of the vertebral column. Several small muscles in the cervical area of the vertebral column are also important.

The Extrinsic Muscles

Superficial extrinsic muscles connect your upper extremities to the trunk, and they form the V-shaped musculature associated with the middle and upper back. They include the trapezius, latissimus dorsi, levator scapulae, and the rhomboids. Intermediate extrinsic muscles include the serratus posterior superior and inferior. Most of their function is involved with respiration.

The Intrinsic Muscles

Intrinsic muscles, which stretch all the way from the pelvis to the cranium, help to maintain your posture and move the vertebral column. They’re divided into three groups: the superficial layer, the intermediate layer, and the deep layer. The muscles in all of the layers are innervated by the posterior rami of spinal nerves. Injuries of the intrinsic back muscles often occur while using improper lifting technique. You can protect the back muscles by bending from the hip and knee when you lift objects from the ground.

The Superficial Layer

(Splenius muscles)

Muscles originating from the vertebral column and having their fleshy bellies located in the back, but inserting onto the appendicular skeleton of the upper limb or the ribs. They are not innervated by dorsal primary rami of spinal nerves, as are the deep or true muscles of the back. The superficial extrinsic back muscle group is comprised of 4 muscles: The trapezius, latissiumus dorsi, levator scapula and the rhomboids.

Trapezius Muscle

One of the most notable features of the trapezius muscle is its shape. The trapezius (called “traps” for short) is a large triangular shaped muscle located at the mid and upper back, and at the neck and shoulders. This muscle has a number of functions, not the least of which involves moving the shoulder blades (these are the flat – also triangularly shaped – bones that sit on the back of the ribcage.) Other functions of the trapezius includes contributing to head and neck motions, and assisting with breathing.

Latissiumus Dorsi

Another triangularly shaped muscle, the latissimus dorsi, is a key player when you use your arms to pull your body weight. For this reason, it is often referred to as the “swimmer’s muscle.” (The latissiumus dorsi is also called the “lats” for short.) The lats assist with breathing, too. The lats are take up a goodly amount of space in the low and mid back. They start at the bottom of the thoracic spine and ribs, the thoracolumbar fascia and part of your hip bone. They then taper into a fine point that inserts on the inside of the upper arm bone.

Levator Sacpulaback muscles

The levator scapula muscle starts at the neck and travels down to attach on the media corner of the top of the shoulder blade. Its job is to lift the shoulder blade up toward the ears. This action is unfortunately constantly “on” for most of us, which can result in lots of neck and shoulder tension.

Rhomboids

The rhomboid muscles are two paralleogram shaped muscles (right and left) that extend from the midline of the spine to the inner border of the scapula (shoulder blade bone.) Each rhomboid consists of a major and minor part, called, respectively the rhomboid major and the rhomboid minor. Though two separate structures, the major and minor make one overall shape and act as a unit to squeeze the shoulder blades together. Because of its action (of squeezing the shoulder blades together), targeting the rhomboids for posture improvement exercise may be a good idea. The action of squeezing the shoulder blades together (towards the spine) may help reverse the effects of sitting at the computer and/or other forms of postural kyphosis.

Teres Major

The teres major is a small, yet important muscle within the back. It is located underneath the lats, and has adopted the nickname, “The Little Lat.” As you might imagine, the teres major works in conjuction with the lats. But it also works with the rotator cuff muscles. Its functions include pulling the arms downwards and rotating them inwards.

The Intermediate Layer

(Erector spinae)

This massive muscle forms a prominent bulge on each side of the vertebral column. It lies within a fascial compartment between the posterior and anterior layers of the thoracolumbar fascia. The common origin of the three columns is though a broad tendon that is attached inferiorly to the posterior part of the iliac crest, the posterior aspect of the sacrum, the sacroiliac ligaments, and the sacral and inferior lumbar spinous processes. This large muscle originates near the sacrum and extends vertically up the length of the back. It lies on each side of the vertebral column and extends alongside the lumbar, thoracic and cervical sections of the spine. The erector spinae functions to straighten the back and provides for side-to-side rotation. An injury or strain to this muscle may cause back spasms and pain. The erector spinae is arranged in three vertical columns: iliocostalis (lateral column); longissimus (intermediate column); and spinalis (medial column).

Iliocostalis

The iliocostalis is the muscle immediately lateral to the longissimus that is the nearest to the furrow that separates the epaxial muscles from the hypaxial. It lies very deep to the fleshy portion of the serratus ventralis (serratus anterior). The iliocostalis originates from the sacrum, erector spinae aponeurosis and iliac crest. The iliocostalis has three different insertions according to the parts.

The iliocostalis cervicis (cervicalis ascendens) arises from the angles of the third, fourth, fifth, and sixth ribs, and is inserted into the posterior tubercles of the transverse processes of the fourth, fifth, and sixth cervical vertebrae.

The iliocostalis dorsi (musculus accessorius; iliocostalis thoracis) arises by flattened tendons from the upper borders of the angles of the lower six ribs medial to the tendons of insertion of the iliocostalis lumborum; these become muscular, and are inserted into the upper borders of the angles of the upper six ribs and into the back of the transverse process of the seventh cervical vertebra.

The iliocostalis lumborum (iliocostalis muscle; sacrolumbalis muscle) is inserted, by six or seven flattened tendons, into the inferior borders of the angles of the lower six or seven ribs.

Longissimus

The longissimus is the muscle lateral to the semispinalis. It is the longest subdivision of the sacrospinalis that extends forward into the transverse processes of the posterior cervical vertebrae. The longissimus muscle has three parts with different origin and insertion.

The longissimus thoracis is the intermediate and largest of the continuations of the sacrospinalis.

In the lumbar region, where it is as yet blended with the iliocostalis lumborum, some of its fibers are attached to the whole length of the posterior surfaces of the transverse processes and the accessory processes of the lumbar vertebræ, and to the anterior layer of the lumbodorsal fascia.

In the thoracic region, it is inserted, by rounded tendons, into the tips of the transverse processes of all the thoracic vertebræ, and by fleshy processes into the lower nine or ten ribs between their tubercles and angles.back muscles

The longissimus cervicis (transversalis cervicis), situated medial to the longissimus dorsi, arises by long, thin tendons from the summits of the transverse processes of the upper four or five thoracic vertebræ, and is inserted by similar tendons into the posterior tubercles of the transverse processes of the cervical vertebrae from the second to the sixth inclusive.

The longissimus capitis (trachelomastoid muscle) lies medial to the longissimus cervicis, between it and the semispinalis capitis.

It arises by tendons from the transverse processes of the upper four or five thoracic vertebræ, and the articular processes of the lower three or four cervical vertebrae, and is inserted into the posterior margin of the mastoid process, beneath the splenius capitis and sternocleidomastoideus.

It is almost always crossed by a tendinous intersection near its insertion.

Spinalis

The spinalis is a portion of the erector spinae, a bundle of muscles and tendons, located nearest to the spine. It is divided into three parts: Spinalis dorsi, spinalis cervicis, and spinalis capitis. The spinalis muscle has three parts.

Spinalis dorsi, the medial continuation of the sacrospinalis, is scarcely separable as a distinct muscle. It is situated at the medial side of the longissimus dorsi, and is intimately blended with it; it arises by three or four tendons from the spinous processes of the first two lumbar and the last two thoracic vertebrae: these, uniting, form a small muscle which is inserted by separate tendons into the spinous processes of the upper thoracic vertebrae, the number varying from four to eight. It’s intimately united with the semispinalis dorsi, situated beneath it.

Spinalis cervicis, or spinalis colli, is an inconstant muscle, which arises from the lower part of the ligamentum nuchæ, the spinous process of the seventh cervical, and sometimes from the spinous processes of the first and second thoracic vertebrae, and is inserted into the spinosus process of the axis, and occasionally into the spinous processes of the two cervical vertebrae below it.

Spinalis capitis (biventer cervicis) is usually inseparably connected with the semispinalis capitis.

Iliocostalis muscle A muscle part of the erector spinae muscle group which helps to extend the spine (bend backwards).

The Deep Layer

(Transversosinal muscles)

Underneath the intermediate intrinsic back muscles is another layer of muscles that help to support posture and assist the intermediate muscles in moving the spine. The deep intrinsic muscles are smaller than the erector spinae muscles, and none of them traverse more than six vertebral segments.

Semispinalis Muscles

This group is the most superficial of the deep intrinsic muscles. These muscles run from the midthoracic spine superiorly through the cervical spine. They have three divisions (thoracis, cervicis, and capitis) that originate from the transverse processes of the 4th cervical vertebra through the 10th, 11th, or 12th thoracic vertebra. The fibers travel superiorly for about four to six segments each and attach on spinous processes and the occipital bone.

Semispinalis Dorsi

The semispinalis dorsi (or semispinalis thoracis) consists of thin, narrow, fleshy fasciculi, interposed between tendons of considerable length. It arises by a series of small tendons from the transverse processes of the sixth to the tenth thoracic vertebrae, and is inserted, by tendons, into the spinous processes of the upper four thoracic and lower two cervical vertebrae.

Semispinalis Cervicis

The semispinalis cervicis (semispinalis colli), arises by a series of tendinous and fleshy fibers from the transverse processes of the upper five or six thoracic vertebrae, and is inserted into the cervical spinous processes, from the axis to the fifth inclusive. The fasciculus connected with the axis is the largest, and is chiefly muscular in structure. The semispinalis cervicis is thicker than the semispinalis dorsi.

Semispinalis Capitis5OyMSkp5XBeyBeaPydd16A

The semispinalis capitis (complexus) is situated at the upper and back part of the neck, deep to the splenius, and medial to the longissimus cervicis and capitis. It is part of the transversospinales muscle group. It arises by a series of tendons from the tips of the transverse processes of the upper six or seven thoracic and the seventh cervical vertebrae, and from the articular processes of the three cervical vertebrae above this (C4-C6). The tendons, uniting, form a broad muscle, which passes upward, and is inserted between the superior and inferior nuchal lines of the occipital bone. It lies deep to the trapezius muscle and can be palpated as firm round muscle mass just lateral to the cervical spinous processes. The semispinalis muscles are innervated by the dorsal rami of the cervical spinal nerves.

Multifidus muscles

Multifidus is a series of small muscles which travel up the length of the spine. These short, triangular muscles originate in various places but always travel superiorly and medially for two to four segments and attach on the spinous processes. The multifidus consists of a number of fleshy and tendinous fasciculi, which fill up the groove on either side of the spinous processes of the vertebrae, from the sacrum to the axis. Each fasciculus, passes obliquely upward and medialward to insert into the whole length of the spinous process of one of the vertebrae above. The fasciculi vary in length: the most superficial, the longest, pass from one vertebra to the third or fourth above; those next in order run from one vertebra to the second or third above; while the deepest connect two contiguous vertebrae.

Rotatores muscles

The rotatores lie underneath the multifidus muscles. They originate from the transverse processes of a single vertebra and travel superiorly to insert into the spinous process of the vertebra one or two segments superior to it. The rotatores help with rotation and proprioception.

External oblique abdominal muscles One of the powerful rotator muscles of the spine whose fibers run obliquely to the long axis of the body. Contribute to spinal movement by compressing the stomach organs and flexing the spine.

Internal oblique abdominal muscles One of the rotator muscles of the spine whose fibers run obliquely to the long axis of the body. Contribute to spinal movement by compressing the stomach organs and flexing the spine.

Rectus abdominis muscle A muscle that contributes to spinal movement by compressing the stomach organs and flexing the spine.

The Suboccipital Muscles

The suboccipital region includes the posterior part of the 2nd cervical vertebra to the area inferior to the occipital region of the head. Four small muscles located on each side of the suboccipital region help with posture and assist with extension and rotation of the head.back muscles

Rectus capitis posterior muscles: These two muscles insert onto the occipital bone; the rectus capitis posterior major originates at the spinous process of the 2nd cervical vertebra (the axis) and the rectus capitis posterior minor originates from the posterior arch of the 1st cervical vertebra (the atlas).

Obliquus muscles: These two muscles complete the suboccipital quartet. The obliquus capitis inferior travels from the spinous process of the 2nd cervical vertebra to the transverse process of the 1st cervical vertebra, and the obliquus capitis superior has its origin at the transverse process of the 1st cervical vertebra and inserts onto the occipital bone.